NJ Medicaid and Public Benefits Planning
Utilizing Medicaid, Medicare, Social Security, VA, and Private Insurance Benefits to Protect the Assets of New Jersey Families from Catastrophic Care Expenses and Nursing Home Costs
Vanarelli & Li, LLC devotes a significant portion of its practice to the field of New Jersey Elder Law, a legal specialty focusing on the special needs and legal problems of the elderly, the disabled and their families.
For each client, the Law Firm develops a comprehensive long-term care plan designed to identify and finance quality long-term care, while protecting the family’s assets from catastrophic care expenses and nursing home costs. These plans often include qualifying family member(s) for needs-based public benefits, such as SSI (Social Security Supplemental Security Income) and Medicaid, so that the client can obtain quality care and the spouse, children and other heirs are provided with adequate income and resources. Asset protection planning strategies often involve the transfer of client resources. Wills, living wills, powers of attorney and trusts are often employed. The Law Firm may recommend obtaining long-term care insurance. Guardianship and other court proceedings may be required.
The Demand for and Cost of Long-Term Care
Both the demand for and cost of long-term nursing care have risen dramatically in recent years. Statistics show that approximately 43% of the population aged 65 years and older will spend some time in a nursing home. The average length of stay is 2.9 years. The cost of nursing home care in northern New Jersey is about $10,000.00 per month, or about $120,000.00 per year.
Financing Nursing Home Costs
There are five (5) sources for financing nursing home costs in New Jersey:
- Private Pay – The client or family pays the cost of nursing home care from personal savings. In the usual case, the client pays until he or she is impoverished, and then turns to Medicaid.
- Nursing Home Insurance – Fewer than 1% of nursing home residents are covered by long-term care insurance.
- Medicaid – This is the major source of funding for residents of long-term care facilities in New Jersey. Of the approximately 44,000 residents in NJ nursing homes, more than 65% are on Medicaid.
- Medicare – Under certain conditions, Medicare will pay for nursing home costs, but for a maximum of only 100 days of care.
- Veterans Benefits – The VA operates 3 nursing homes in New Jersey. These nursing homes are described here. Eligibility is restricted to veterans and their families.
Did You Know?
Vanarelli & Li, LLC serves New Jersey residents in the following cities:
- Jersey City
- Toms River
- Hamilton Township
- Cherry Hill
- Union City
- Old Bridge
- Gloucester Township
- East Orange
- North Bergen
- Union Township
- New Brunswick
- Jackson Township
- Parsippany-Troy Hills
- Perth Amboy
- West New York
- Wall Township
- Tinton Falls
The Goal: Access to Quality Care at Affordable Cost
Long-term care planning has a single goal for the client: access to quality care. This is an essential human need in every circumstance. Unfortunately, this need may go unmet due to cost; long-term care is the most expensive health care cost. Often, there is no insurance or other assistance available to help pay for long-term care. As a result, most people use their personal savings until it has been depleted, and then they attempt to qualify for Medicaid and other needs-based public benefits. However, there are planning techniques available to accelerate eligibility for Medicaid and preserve assets for the spouse, family and other heirs. These techniques are used by the Law Firm to help clients obtain essential care.
Creating the Long-Term Care Plan
A long-term care plan broadens the traditional estate plan to (1) provide for access to quality care for the client, his or her spouse, partner or dependents, and (2) develop a strategy to fund that care. Items which the Law Firm may consider and discuss in developing a client’s long-term care plan include:
- Detailed collection of client financial and family information;
- Legal documents;
- Evaluation of care needs;
- Financial analysis;
- Tax issues related to income, capital gains, the sale of real estate, etc.;
- Client suitability for long-term care insurance;
- Appropriateness of the client’s current Medicare, Medigap and other health insurance coverage;
- Client competency and ability to manage personal and financial affairs; and,
- Strategies for accelerating eligibility for Medicaid and other needs-based public assistance.