In October 2017, Congress passed an important new law, the Elder Abuse Prevention and Protection Act (EAPPA). The EAPPA is one of very few laws which allocates federal funds to address financial elder abuse.
The new law was a direct reaction to increasing incidents of financial elder abuse. Every year, thieves, swindlers and even the elders’ own children bilk millions of older Americans out of billions of dollars. In fact, the new law was named after one such victim, Robert Matava, a decorated WWII veteran, whose son defrauded him and left him destitute. Mr. Matava died in 2011 at age 90, and his son was never brought to justice.
The EAPPA addresses financial elder abuse through various provisions. Most importantly, the new law installs elder justice coordinators in the Department of Justice, Federal Trade Commission, and every federal judicial district. The law also allocates more resources for training to prevent elder abuse, calls for better data collection, opens up funding to help the victims of elder abuse, and increases the penalties for financial fraud against the elderly. Finally, it orders reviews of federal elder justice programs.
As discussed above, the EAPPA focuses on financial elder abuse. There is little mention in the new law of similarly prevalent physical, emotional, and sexual abuse or neglect of elders. A summary follows:
Summary: S.178 — 115th Congress (2017-2018) All Information (Except Text)
Elder Abuse Prevention and Prosecution Act
TITLE I–SUPPORTING FEDERAL CASES INVOLVING ELDER JUSTICE
(Sec. 101) This bill establishes requirements for the Department of Justice (DOJ) with respect to investigating and prosecuting elder abuse crimes and enforcing elder abuse laws. Specifically, DOJ must:
- designate Elder Justice Coordinators in federal judicial districts and at DOJ,
- implement comprehensive training for Federal Bureau of Investigation agents, and
- establish a working group to provide policy advice.
The Executive Office for United States Attorneys must operate a resource group to assist prosecutors in pursuing elder abuse cases.
The Federal Trade Commission must designate an Elder Justice Coordinator within its Bureau of Consumer Protection.
TITLE II–IMPROVED DATA COLLECTION AND FEDERAL COORDINATION
(Sec. 201) DOJ must establish best practices for data collection on elder abuse.
(Sec. 202) DOJ must collect and publish data on elder abuse cases and investigations. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) must provide for publication data on elder abuse cases referred to adult protective services.
TITLE III–ENHANCED VICTIM ASSISTANCE TO ELDER ABUSE SURVIVORS
(Sec. 301) This section expresses the sense of the Senate that: (1) elder abuse involves exploitation of potentially vulnerable individuals; (2) combatting elder abuse requires support for victims and prevention; and (3) the Senate supports a multipronged approach to prevent elder abuse, protect victims, and prosecute perpetrators of elder abuse crimes.
(Sec. 302) DOJ’s Office for Victims of Crime must report to Congress on the nature, extent, and amount of funding under the Victims of Crime Act of 1984 for victims of crime who are elders.
TITLE IV–ROBERT MATAVA ELDER ABUSE PROSECUTION ACT OF 2017
Robert Matava Elder Abuse Prosecution Act of 2017
This bill amends the federal criminal code to expand prohibited telemarketing fraud to include “telemarketing or email marketing” fraud. It expands the definition of telemarketing or email marketing to include measures to induce investment for financial profit, participation in a business opportunity, or commitment to a loan.
A defendant convicted of telemarketing or email marketing fraud that targets or victimizes a person over age 55 is subject to an enhanced criminal penalty and mandatory forfeiture.
The bill adds health care fraud to the list of fraud offenses subject to enhanced penalties.
(Sec. 403) DOJ, in coordination with the Elder Justice Coordinating Council, must provide information, training, and technical assistance to help states and local governments investigate, prosecute, prevent, and mitigate the impact of elder abuse, exploitation, and neglect.
(Sec. 404) It grants congressional consent to states to enter into cooperative agreements or compacts to promote and to enforce elder abuse laws. The State Justice Institute must submit legislative proposals to Congress to facilitate such agreements and compacts.
(Sec. 501) This section amends title XX (Block Grants to States for Social Services and Elder Justice) of the Social Security Act to specify that HHS may award adult protective services demonstration grants to the highest courts of states to assess adult guardianship and conservatorship proceedings and to implement necessary changes. The highest court of a state that receives a demonstration grant must collaborate with the state’s unit on aging and adult protective services agency.
(Sec. 502) The Government Accountability Office (GAO) must review and report on elder justice programs and initiatives in the federal criminal justice system. The GAO must also report on: (1) federal government efforts to monitor the exploitation of older adults in global drug trafficking schemes and criminal enterprises, the incarceration of exploited older adults who are U.S. citizens in foreign court systems, and the total number of elder abuse cases pending in the United States; and (2) the results of federal government intervention with foreign officials on behalf of U.S. citizens who are elder abuse victims in international criminal enterprises.
(Sec. 503) DOJ must report to Congress on its outreach to state and local law enforcement agencies on the process for collaborating with the federal government to investigate and prosecute interstate and international elder financial exploitation cases.
(Sec. 504) DOJ must publish model power of attorney legislation for the purpose of preventing elder abuse.
(Sec. 505) DOJ must publish best practices for improving guardianship proceedings and model legislation related to guardianship proceedings for the purpose of preventing elder abuse.
The Elder Abuse Prevention and Prosecution Act is attached here –
For additional information concerning elder abuse actions, visit:
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